译海拾贝 >> 英语 >> 医学.美容.医药.保健
   

译文:WHO:每天糖的摄入量“应减半”

译者:susanxun  所属联盟:英语译者联盟  时间:2014-03-17
根据新的世界卫生组织指南,人们会被告知要将他们的饮食糖量减半。WHO说,推荐的糖摄入量要低于一天热量总摄入量的10%,目标为5%。推荐的限度适用于加到食物中的所有糖,以及存在于蜂蜜、糖浆、果汁和浓缩果汁的天然糖。英国的一些活动家认为WHO用了10年的时间考虑改变其建议是一个“悲剧”。糖量应占不超过饮食总热量的10%的建议于2002年通过。WHO认为,一个体重正常的成年人每日总共摄入大约50g。然而,一些专家现在认为10%太高,它使全世界的肥胖水平升高。WHO在一份声明中宣布了新的措施草案。“WHO目前的建议是从2002年起,每日摄入糖量应占总能量的10%以内。新的指南草案也建议每日糖量应占总能量的10%以内。这进一步表明每日摄入糖量减少到总摄入能量的5%以内将会有额外益处”。弗朗西斯博士布兰卡,世卫组织的营养主任,在记者招待会上说:'根据目前证据10%的目标是“强烈推荐”,而5%的目标是“有条件的”。"“如果可以的话,我们的目标应为5%”,他强调说。该计划将会去征询公众意见,预计今年先天稳固推荐。英格兰公共卫生称,其营养科学咨询委员会正在审查英国人饮食中含糖量证据。营养及饮食主任,Alison Tedstone说:““我们的调查显示英国人口应将平成人11.6%和儿童15.2%的均摄糖量降低,因为其高于目前英国推荐的10%。活动组对糖采取的行动认为,将摄糖量压缩至5%应成为坚定的推荐”。营养学家katharine Jenner说:““WHO花了10年的时间考虑改变对糖量的合理建议是一个悲剧。使WHO指南在对糖对健康影响(包括牙齿损坏和对肥胖影响)的科学证据审查基础上确立。去年在英国医学杂志上发表的肥胖研究发现,尽管糖不能直接引起肥胖,但由于糖类食物不能让人有饱的感觉,尤其是甜饮料,因此会摄入很多糖,从而倾向于重量增加。由英国研究人员完成的糖量摄入与龋齿之间关系的审查发现,当糖摄入量占每日总热量10%以内时,龋齿病例减少”。Newcastle大学营养与口腔健康教授Paula Moynihan说:“吃的糖越少,患龋齿的风险就越低”。伦敦大学国王学院医学院的Tom Sanders 教授认为,加糖限制在5%“要满足非常艰难”。他强调:““5%未经尝试,未经检验;我们还是可忍受10%”。剑桥大学医学研究委员会流行病学部的Nita Forouhi博士表示,5%的目标具有“野心和挑战性”。在周二,倡导医生呼吁给糖加税以帮助抗击肥胖水平的增长。英国首席医疗官Dame Sally Davies告诉国会议员:“我们可能需要有对糖加一些税的倾向,但我希望我们不必这样”。
   
查看所有评论
发 表 评 论
用户: 隐藏IP地址: 匿名
校验码:
其它译文:

译文:

译者:susanxun  所属联盟:英语译者联盟  时间:2014-03-17
   
查看所有评论
发 表 评 论
用户: 隐藏IP地址: 匿名
校验码:
其它译文:

原文:WHO: Daily sugar intake 'should be halved'

发现者:lylillian  来源: 发布时间:2014-03-06 类型:转载

Sugar

People will be advised to halve the amount of sugar in their diet, under new World Health Organization guidance.

The recommended sugar intake will stay at below 10% of total calorie intake a day, with 5% the target, says the WHO.

The suggested limits apply to all sugars added to food, as well as sugar naturally present in honey, syrups, fruit juices and fruit concentrates.

UK campaigners say it is a "tragedy" that the WHO has taken 10 years to think about changing its advice.

The recommendation that sugar should account for no more than 10% of the calories in the diet, was passed in 2002.

It works out at about 50g a day for an adult of normal weight, said the WHO.

However, a number of experts now think 10% is too high, amid rising obesity levels around the world.

Announcing the new draft measures, the WHO said in a statement: "WHO's current recommendation, from 2002, is that sugars should make up less than 10% of total energy intake per day.

"The new draft guideline also proposes that sugars should be less than 10% of total energy intake per day.

"It further suggests that a reduction to below 5% of total energy intake per day would have additional benefits."

Dr Francesco Branca, WHO's nutrition director, told a news conference that the 10% target was a "strong recommendation" while the 5% target was "conditional", based on current evidence.

"We should aim for 5% if we can," he added.

The plans will now go for public consultation, with firm recommendations expected this summer.

Public Health England said its scientific advisory committee on nutrition was reviewing evidence on sugar in the UK diet.

Director of Nutrition and Diet, Alison Tedstone, said: "Our surveys show that the UK population should reduce their sugar intake as average intake for adults is 11.6% and for children is 15.2%, which is above the current UK recommendation of 10%. "

Campaign group, Action for Sugar, said it was pressing for 5% to become the firm recommendation.

Nutritionist, Katharine Jenner, said: "It is a tragedy that it has taken 10 years for the WHO to think about changing their recommendation on sugar, which will have had

The WHO guidelines are based on a review of scientific evidence on the health impact of sugar, including damage to teeth and the effect on obesity.

The obesity study, published last year in the BMJ, found while sugar did not directly cause obesity, those who consumed a lot of it, particularly in sweetened drinks, tended to put on weight as sugary food did not make them feel full.

A review of the link between sugar intake and tooth decay, carried out by UK researchers, found cases of tooth decay were lower when sugar made up less than 10% of daily calories.

Paula Moynihan, Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health at Newcastle University, said: "The less sugar you eat, the lower your risk of dental decay."

Prof Tom Sanders of the School of Medicine, King's College London, said a limit of 5% added sugar "would be very tough to meet".

He added: "5% is untried and untested; 10% we can live with."

Dr Nita Forouhi, of the Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge, said the 5% target was "ambitious, and challenging".

On Tuesday a leading doctor called for a tax on sugar to help combat growing levels of obesity.

Dame Sally Davies, England's Chief Medical Officer, told MPs: "We may need to move toward some kind of sugar tax, but I hope we don't have to. "

其它发现:


 
译海拾贝信息搜索
快速通道

 
我站部分文章为网友自行添加,未能联系上原作者,如有版权问题,请告知我们,我们将立即删除! 查看联系方式
 
   
随你译 | LiveInChina | StarDict | 星际译王 | 同传网
Copyright © 2009 译心译意网 - All rights reserved.