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译文:. 阿佛洛狄特先祖的岛屿

译者:Crystal love  时间:2014-01-07
2004年,,阿尔伯特·勃洛克闭上眼睛,随意地指向地图上的一个点,决定他的下一个假期就在他手指落下的地方度过他从来没有听说过塞西拉岛—希腊克里特岛西北的一个小城市,但在参观之后,他爱上了那里“这个小岛向我们揭示了新的秘密”勃洛克说,现在他和他的伙伴在Aroniadika村庄经营了一家的传统宾馆。““这是我们从来没有去过的地方,这里有我们之前从未遇见过的人——它的美丽持续令人惊讶。一方面,我们想和大家分享这美丽,但另一方面,我们要守住这个秘密。”塞西拉岛 漂浮在爱奥尼亚和地中海海域的交接处的,大约有3500位居民。迄今为止塞西拉岛仍努力成为希腊中隐藏最深的秘密之一。但希腊预计在2013年迎来17000,000名游客,小岛上的65古村落和30个公里的海岸线不会幸福地被掩埋,不久就会因为规模巨大的旅游业被开发。塞西拉岛在神话上有影响力。据说,在天王星的生殖器被抛入水中后,流经塞西拉岛,在泡沫里诞生了阿佛洛狄忒—爱和美的希腊女神,在里其他相关的故事里,阿佛洛狄忒,也称为维纳斯女神,女神后来来到塞浦路斯,这里的人声称这里是是女神的家—但关于这些水域的整理呢从来都没有断过。海军时代以来该岛的战略位置使它成为,水手,商人,当然还有讨厌的征服者世界性的十字路口。自新石器时代就有人居住,这个岛多次易主:塞西拉岛历史上著名的人物包括威尼斯Marchese Marco Venieri自称是阿佛洛狄忒的后裔(和他的后代仍住在岛上);和海盗Hayreddin巴巴罗萨,一名奥斯曼海军五星上将在1537年蹂躏了古拜占庭首都堡垒Paliochora,首都的废墟还保留在岛上的东北。因此,塞西拉有示丰盛的文化遗址,威尼斯,土耳其,英国和古希腊的文化共同影响着岛屿也许先前最完整的统治的例子是Kastro—— 一座在Chore Spiridonos街上的城堡,岛上的小型现代首都。建于12和13世纪威尼斯占领期间,城堡曾经被称为“克里特岛的眼睛”,在城堡顶端游客可以看到爱奥尼亚,爱琴海和克利特岛的海域。今天,这座城堡——威尼斯总督的故居——是塞岛的历史档案。。在城堡顶端还可以眺望到Kapsali镇,该镇在威尼斯时期作为首都的港口。位于Chora以南仅2公里,Kapsali特点是弯弯曲曲的海滨和铺满沙子的双海湾,海龟游泳在其中畅游。Kapsali只是塞西拉岛的海岸线上的许多村庄中的一个,当地人中最广为人知的是风景如画的Avlemonas,在城堡顶端还可以眺望到Kapsali镇,该镇在威尼斯时期作为首都的港口。位于Chora以南仅2公里,Kapsali特点是弯弯曲曲的海滨和铺满沙子的双海湾,海龟游泳在其中畅游。Kapsali只是塞西拉岛的海岸线上的许多村庄中的一个,当地人中最广为人知的是风景如画的Avlemonas在城堡顶端还可以眺望到Kapsali镇,该镇在威尼斯时期作为首都的港口。位于Chora以南仅2公里,Kapsali特点是弯弯曲曲的海滨和铺满沙子的双海湾,海龟游泳在其中畅游。Kapsali只是塞西拉岛的海岸线上的许多村庄中的一个,当地人中最广为人知的是风景如画的Avlemonas,,。在城堡顶端还可以眺望到Kapsali镇,该镇在威尼斯时期作为首都的港口。位于Chora以南仅2公里,Kapsali特点是弯弯曲曲的海滨和铺满沙子的双海湾,海龟游泳在其中畅游。Kapsali只是塞西拉岛的海岸线上的许多村庄中的一个,当地人中最广为人知的是风景如画的Avlemonas,这是一个迷人的古老村庄,坐落在Chore离东北海岸18公里处,你可以跨过Katouni桥到达村庄官方记录显示,作为英国统治的标记,石桥——是希腊最大的桥,长110米,宽6米,,完成于1826年,它是便利海滨村庄和Chora之间交通的项目的一部分传说桥的修建是由起源于愿望,:塞西拉岛的英国总督爱上了附近的一个村庄的一个女孩,,每天可以看到看到心爱的姑娘,他决定在她的房子附近建造这座桥。另一个起源于爱的大型遗迹是Panagia Myrtidiotissa修道院,这是塞西拉岛最大的修道院.位于KalokerInes村庄附近的西部的岛屿——演变成“桃金娘树的最圣洁的圣母玛利亚”——建在桃金娘树边上,根据传说有树边上曾经有一个牧羊人发现了14世纪的神圣的圣母玛利亚的肖像。清教徒在8月15日死亡的盛宴和肖像发现的这一天——9月24日,来膜拜肖像肖像是所有Kytherians的守护神,在修道院展出除了复活节,当有宗教游行队伍将它转移到Chora。一个上帝珍爱的岛屿,被风和海洋轻柔抚摸的土地,塞西拉岛由峭壁和深海湾组成——和所有这些元素有机结合在位于Chora西北约13公里处茂盛的Mylopotamos村里在希腊意思是“河上的磨坊,村里曾有22 watermills用于磨小麦。今天,只剩下一个翻新机,位于岛屿附近的20米高臭名昭著的的瀑布,Neraida,这是一个民间传说的来源。也称为Fonissa(“女杀手”),据说该瀑布是谋杀的地点,:传说,两个女人在瀑布顶端争斗时,一个把另一个推下了悬崖。许多徒步路径发源于Neraida瀑布和村周围,将各种文化和景观元素,说明塞西拉岛的自然美景和历史意义。
   
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原文:The island of Aphrodite’s ancestors

发现者:lylillian  来源: 发布时间:2014-01-06 类型:转载
Chora, the island’s capital, Cythera, Greece

In 2004, Albert Blok closed his eyes and randomly pointed to a spot on a map, determined to spend his next holiday wherever his finger landed. He’d never heard of Cythera, a tiny Greek island northwest of Crete, but after visiting, he was smitten.

“It keeps revealing new secrets to us,” said Blok, who ended up emigrating to Cythera from the Netherlands in 2008, and now runs the traditional guesthouse Xenónas Fos kè Chóros in the village of Aroniadika with his partner Anita Snippe. “Places we have never been before, people we have never met before – its beauty keeps on surprising us. On the one hand, we want to share this beauty with everyone, but on the other hand, we want to keep it a secret.”

Blok is not alone. Floating at the intersection of the Ionian and Mediterranean Seas, Cythera – with some 3,500 full-time residents – has thus far managed to remain one of Greece’s best-kept secrets. But with the country poised to see nearly 17 million visitors in 2013, the island’s 65 ancient villages and 30km of coastline will not remain blissfully unburdened by mass tourism for long.

Where history and legend meet
Mythologically speaking, Cythera has clout. Reputedly, it was in the waters off Cythera that Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, rose out of the aphrós – the Greek word for foam –after Uranus’s genitals were cast into the water. Other stories relate that Aphrodite, also known as Cytherea, then travelled to Cyprus, which also claims to be the goddess’s home – but tension is no stranger to these waters.

Since naval times, the island’s strategic location has made it somewhat of a cosmopolitan crossroads for sailors, merchants and, of course, pesky conquerors. Inhabited since the Neolithic Era, the island has changed hands many times: notable figures in Cythera’s history include Venetian Marchese Marco Venieri, who claimed to be a descendant of Aphrodite (and whose own descendants still live on the island); and the pirate Hayreddin Barbarossa, an Ottoman fleet admiral who ravaged the ancient Byzantine capital fortress of Paliochora in 1537, the ruins of which remain in the island’s northeast. As a result, Cythera displays hearty remnants of its cultural bouillabaisse, with Venetian, Ottoman, British and Ancient Greek influences coexisting on the island.

Perhaps the most intact example of prior rule is the Kastro, a castle on Spiridonos street in Chora, the island’s tiny modern-day capital. Built between the 12th and 13th Centuries during a period of Venetian occupation, the castle was once called “the eye of Crete”; views from the top allow visitors to see the Ionian, Aegean and Cretan seas simultaneously. Today, the castle – the former residence of the Venetian governor – houses the historical archives of Cythera. Also in sight is the town of Kapsali, which served as the capital’s port during Venetian times. Located just 2km south of Chora, Kapsali is characterised by a curved waterfront and sandy twin bays where sea turtles are known to swim.

Kapsali is just one of many villages that dot Cythera’s shoreline, with one of the most well known among locals being picturesque Avlemonas, a charming and historic hamlet situated some 18km northeast of Chora that you can reach by crossing Katouni Bridge. A reminder of British rule, the stone bridge –the largest of its kind in Greece at 110m long and 6m wide – was completed in 1826 as part of a project to ensure ease of travel between the seaside village and Chora – or so official records say. Legend has it that the construction was driven by desire: after Cythera’s British governor fell in love with a girl from a nearby village, he decided to build this bridge near her house in order to see her daily.

Another large relic backed by lore is the Panagia Myrtidiotissa monastery, the largest in Cythera. Situated on the western side of the island near the village of Kalokerines, the monastery – which translates to “The Most Holy Virgin Mary of the Myrtle Trees” – was built next to a myrtle tree where a shepherd, according to legend, found a holy icon of the Virgin Mary in the 14th Century. Pilgrims travel here to venerate the icon on 15 August’s Feast of the Dormition and on 24 September, the day of its finding. The icon is the patron saint of all Kytherians and is on display in the monastery save for Easter, when there is a religious procession to transfer it to Chora.

An island for nature lovers
Whittled away by wind and sea, Cythera is generously composed of steep, rocky cliffs and deep bays – and all of these elements are on display in the lush village of Mylopotamos, situated approximately 13km northwest of Chora. Meaning “mill on the river” in Greek, the village was once home to 22 watermills used for grinding wheat. Today, only one renovated mill remains, situated near the island’s notorious 20m waterfall, Neraida, which is a fount of folklore. Also known as Fonissa (“female killer”), the waterfall was reputedly the site of a murder: legend has it that two women were fighting atop the waterfall when one pushed the other over the edge.

Many hiking paths originate by the Neraida waterfall and loop through the village, incorporating a variety of cultural and scenic elements that illustrate Cythera’s combination of natural beauty and historical significance. Hikers can follow one such monopati (a one-person path often used for donkeys) – recently signposted with numbers and arrows – that loops 2.6km past ruins of old mills and back to the town, though the more intrepid can choose to break away from the path before it loops back up and descend 2.2km down steep rocks and through the gorge to Kalami Beach, which can only be reached on foot by climbing down the rocks or through the gorge. Another scenic hike starts in the cypress forests of Lourantianika, in the island’s southern region, and passes 4.6km through wild olive trees while affording spectacular views of Chora, the Kastro and the sea.

Such discoveries of isolated beauty remain standard on Cythera, said Fivos Tsaravopoulos, programme coordinator of the Kythera Hiking Project, an organization centred around the creation of trails and sustainable tourism on the island.

“Cythera is a small paradise for walking,” he said. “It combines incredible landscapes – forests, waterfalls, cliffs, gorges, beaches and a Mediterranean desert – and picturesque villages, beautiful churches on the top of mountains and an incredible amount of wildflowers.”


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